How to structure Agree-Disagree Essays

Agree-Disagree essays are a popular type of essay question in the International English Language Testing System (IELTS). This essay format requires the test taker to present a clear and well-supported argument on a given topic, indicating their level of agreement or disagreement with the statement provided. In this blog post, we will understand how to structure agree-disagree essays.

Structure of an Agree-Disagree Essay

There are 3 possible structures to this question:

  1. completely agree
  2. completely disagree
  3. partially agree

So, when you write your body paragraphs, you should make sure that they align with your overall opinion. Take a look at how your paragraphs should be here:

Also read: Discussion Essay Structure


The introduction serves as the foundation for your argument. It should be brief and to the point, providing a clear indication of the topic and your position on the issue. Start by paraphrasing the statement in your own words, and then clearly state whether you agree or disagree with the statement. Finally, briefly mention the reasons for your opinion. Here is where you should mention clearly as to whether you completely agree, disagree or partially agree. In case you partially agree, mention what you agree with, and what is it that you disagree with.


The body of the essay is where you provide your evidence and support for your position. Each paragraph should present a unique idea, with a clear topic sentence that links back to the thesis statement. Use factual information, examples, and data to support your position, and cite your sources whenever necessary. Anticipate and address counterarguments by acknowledging opposing views and then providing a rebuttal that reinforces your position. This shows the examiner that you can critically evaluate arguments and provide a balanced view.


The conclusion is a summary of your arguments and should leave the examiner with a clear idea of your position. Reiterate your thesis statement, and summarize the evidence you used to support your position. Finally, provide a final statement that reinforces your position or suggests possible solutions to the issue.

Also read: Advantage/Disadvantage Essays

Quick Summary: Strategies for Writing an Agree-Disagree Essay

Understand the statement: Make sure that you fully understand the statement given. If you misunderstand the statement, you may provide irrelevant arguments or fail to answer the question appropriately.

Plan your essay: Before you start writing, plan your essay by brainstorming ideas and organizing them in a logical and coherent manner. This helps you to avoid rambling and ensures that your essay is focused and concise.

Choose a position: Take a clear stance on the issue and support it with compelling reasons and examples. Be confident in your position but also acknowledge alternative perspectives.

Use evidence to support your position: Provide factual information, examples, and data to support your position. Use statistics and studies to add credibility to your argument.

Anticipate counterarguments: Acknowledge opposing views and provide a rebuttal that reinforces your position. This shows that you have considered all perspectives and can provide a balanced view.

Write in a structured manner: Use paragraphs to organize your thoughts and provide transitions between different points. Use clear and concise language, and avoid using jargon or complex vocabulary that may confuse the examiner.

Be concise: The IELTS exam has strict word limits, so make sure that you express your ideas in a clear and concise manner. Avoid using filler words and repetition.

7 Tips for Writing a Band 7 Agree-Disagree Essay

  1. Read widely: To prepare for the IELTS exam, read widely on different topics and practice writing Agree-Disagree essays. This helps you to develop your critical thinking skills and to become familiar with different writing styles.
  2. Use a variety of sentence structures: Varying your sentence structures makes your essay more interesting to read and demonstrates your language proficiency.
  3. Time management: Allocate your time effectively to ensure that you have enough time to plan, write, and revise your essay. Avoid spending too much time on one section and neglecting the others.
  4. Check for errors: Proofread your essay for grammatical errors, spelling mistakes, and punctuation errors. This ensures that your essay is clear and easy to read, which can improve your score.
  5. Use relevant examples: Use examples that are relevant to the topic to support your arguments. This shows that you have a good understanding of the issue and can apply your knowledge to real-world situations.
  6. Practice writing essays: The more you practice writing Agree-Disagree essays, the more comfortable you will become with the format and structure. Practice writing under timed conditions to simulate the exam environment.
  7. Stay on topic: Make sure that your essay stays focused on the topic provided. Avoid introducing new ideas or going off on tangents.

A Sample answer:

Question: Some environmentalists believe that developed countries contribute more to pollution that the developing ones. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some environmental scientists think that developed nations contribute more significantly to pollution than the lesser developed ones. I completely disagree with this statement as developed nations have sophisticated technologies and greater acceptance to control pollution.

Firstly, every developed nation, despite its immense industrialisation, has state-of-the-art technologies to reuse and recycle waste. These countries have the capabilities to recycle solid waste into other products. Similarly, liquid effluents generated out of homes and factories, instead of being mixed into water bodies, are purified and reused for miscellaneous purposes such as gardening and cleaning. These techniques are either unknown to pollution control boards in poorer nations, or are unaffordable to implement thoroughly. Asian countries such as India, which is the fifth largest economy, is one of the biggest contributors to global warming owing to their inappropriate management of solid and liquid waste.

Secondly, in the developed countries, there is an increased awareness of the pollution control laws. Due to this, there is a stronger implementation of emission norms, waste disposal rules, and energy generation through renewable energy sources. This enables the richer nations to naturally emit a lower amount of pollutants as compared to the poorer nations. Poorer nations, on the other hand, do not prioritise on reducing pollution and have a myopic focus on the economic growth only. For instance, countries in Africa do not initiate any measures to combat pollution as their only priority is to enhance economic conditions.

To conclude, there is a common belief that affluent nations have amplified pollution levels in comparison to the poorer countries. This is not true as prosperous nations have access to innovative systems to control the waste generated, along with the right mindset to take adequate action.

You can also download a free essay samples’ copy here.

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